Hypothyroidism (Underactive thyroid)

What is hypothyroidism?

Hypothyroidism also known as underactive thyroid is when the thyroid gland produces too little thyroid hormone. click the link to learn more about the thyroid disease and thyroid gland.

Causes of hypothyroidism

  • Hashimoto’s disease (the most common cause)
  • Surgery (thyroidectomy or subtotal thyroidectomy)
  • Radioactive iodine therapy
hypothyroidism
hypothyroidism-medicalstocks/Shutterstock

Symptoms of hypothyroidism

These are the symptoms of hypothyroidism

  • Fatigue
  • Tiredness
  • Cold intolerance (unable to tolerate cold like other people in the same place
  • Coarse, dry hair
  • Hair loss
  • Dry, rough skin
  • Hoarse or croaky voice
  • Constipation
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome
  • Abnormal menstrual cycles
  • Problems with fertility
  • Reduced libido
  • Weight gain and difficulty losing weight.
  • Puffy face with bags under the eyes
  • Muscle weakness, cramps, and frequent muscle aches
  • Depression
  • Slow speech, movements, and thoughts
  • Irritability
  • Memory loss
  • Difficulty Concentration
  • Slowed heart rate
  • Slight rise in blood pressure
  • Raised cholesterol.
  • Slowed growth in children.

Diagnosis of hypothyroidism

Click to read about the diagnosis of thyroid disease.

Treatment of hypothyroidism

Thyroid hormone replacement is the mainstay of treating hypothyroidism.

Your doctor will prescribe you levothyroxine which is the synthetic T4 (thyroxine) This medication works the same way your own thyroid hormone would work so it’s unlikely that you will have side effects from it.

Hypothyroidism and Anxiety

Studies have linked hypothyroidism to anxiety. A study showed that people with hypothyroidism had increased chance of having anxiety. Another study that screened 100 people to find out the prevalence of anxiety among people diagnosed with hypothyroidism found that 63% of people screened showed some degree of anxiety.

Hypothyroidism face

People with hypothyroidism may have puffy face.

Frequently asked question

Can hypothyroidism cause high blood pressure?

Yes, one symptoms of hypothyroidism is slight rise in blood pressure.

Is hypothyroidism an autoimmune disease?

Hashimoto’s disease which is the most common cause of hypothyroidism is an autoimmune disease.

Is hypothyroidism genetic?

People who have hypothyroidism often have relatives with thyroid problems

Is hypothyroidism a disease?

Yes, hypothyroidism is a disease of the thyroid gland.

Can hypothyroidism cause anxiety?

Yes. Read the section on hypothyroidism and anxiety for more,

About the author

Nwasom is a pharmacy graduate and a pharmacist currently practising in the United Kingdom. I have great experience communicating with patients and their family as gained through working as a pharmacist in both the hospital and community pharmacy sector. I love writing so it was a natural thing to try and pass medical and health information on through writing.