Fruits and vegetables

Benefits of fruits and vegetables

They are various benefits of fruits and vegetables. Fruits and vegetables a promoted worldwide by different health agencies as health. It is often recommended as part of a healthy eating plan and balanced diet.  They are a great source of vitamins and minerals and provide the body with phytochemicals which serve as antioxidants, anti-inflammatory agents and phytoestrogens.

They vary greatly in energy and nutrient and supply dietary fiber. Taking a good amount of fiber has been linked to having lower incidence of cardiovascular disease and obesity.

List of fruits and vegetables

In this picture are the list of fruits and vegetables and their images.

fruits and vegetables
fruits and vegetables-tele52/Shutterstock

List of fruits

fruits
fruits -Image by Gerhard G. from Pixabay

Examples of fruits include

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  • Apple
  • Banana
  • Grapes
  • Pineapple
  • Mango
  • Avocado
  • Oranges
  • Pear

List of vegetables

vegetables
vegetables -Image by Gerhard G. from Pixabay

Examples of vegetables include

  • Onions
  • Cabbage
  • Cauliflower
  • Broccoli
  • Cucumber
  • Mushrooms
  • Spinach
  • Kale
  • Carrots

Lists of purple fruits and vegetables

  • Acai berries
  • Egg plant
  • Purple carrots
  • Passion fruit
  • Purple asparagus
  • Blackberries
  • Elderberries
  • Raspberries
  • Blueberries
  • Purple cauliflower
  • Beetroot
  • Purple cabbage
  • Redbor kale
  • Purple star apple
  • Raddichio
  • Grapes
  • Plums
  • Figs

Storage for fruits and vegetables

You can store foods by

  • Freezing
  • Drying
  • Canning
  • curing
  • salting

How to wash/clean fruits and vegetables

  • Wash and scrub under running water.
  • Soap and detergents are not recommended for washing fruits and vegetables.
  • Cut out damaged, bruised and rotten parts.
  • Wipe and drug fruits and vegetables with clean paper towels.
  1. How many fruits and vegetables a day should you have a day?

    Everyone including children should have 5 portions of different fruits and vegetables a day.

  2. Which fruits and vegetables contain vitamin C?

    Berries such as strawberry, raspberry etc.
    All citrus fruits such as oranges lemons, limes etc.
    Tomatoes.
    Kiwifruit.
    Sprouts.
    Blackcurrants
    Broccoli.

  3. Which fruits and vegetables contain vitamin D?

    Spinach
    Kale
    Mushrooms
    Okra

  4. Which fruits and vegetables are rich in iron?

    Dark green leafy vegetables e.g.
    Spinach
    Cabbage
    Swiss chard
    Broccoli
    Kale
    Collard
    Beet greens

  5. What fruits and vegetables are high in potassium?

    Potato
    Artichokes
    Tomatoes
    Bananas
    Broccoli
    Brussels sprouts
    Beets
    Beet greens
    Avocados
    Dates
    Oranges
    Pumpkin
    Spinach
    Nectarines
    Swiss chard
    Prunes
    Watermelon
    Cantaloupe

  6. What is the difference between fruits and vegetables?

    The difference between fruits and vegetable could be either from the botanical or culinary point of view.

    From the botanists’ point of view, fruits and vegetables differ according to the part of the plant it develops from. Fruits are something that develops from the ovary of a flowering or as something from the part of a plant that contains the seeds while any other part of the plant is thought to be vegetables. So, things like the roots, stems and leaves of the plant are all considered vegetables.

    From the culinary point of view, fruits and vegetables differ according to their taste. Fruits are sweet while vegetables are savoury in taste hence while fruits are used in desserts, vegetables are either eaten as part of a meal or as a main meal.

  7. What fruits and vegetables are high in fiber?

    Apples
    Bananas
    Oranges
    Raspberries 
    Strawberries 
    Mango
    persimmon
    guava

    Vegetables that are dark coloured e.g. Generally speaking, the darker the colour of the vegetable, the higher the fiber content
    Artichokes,
    Carrots,
    Swiss chard
    Collard greens
    Carrots
    Beets
    Broccoli

  8. What fruits and vegetables are low in carbs?

    Low carb fruits include:

    Cantaloupe
    Berries
    Honeydew
    Watermelon
    Avocado

    Low carb vegetables include:
    Cucumbers
    Iceberg lettuce
    Celery
    White mushrooms
    Bell peppers.
    Spinach
    Cabbage
    Swiss chard
    Broccoli

  9. What fruits and vegetables are high in protein?

    Fruits high in protein
    Avocados
    Guavas
    Apricots

    Vegetables high in protein

    Seitan
    Soybeans
    Lentils.
    Nutritional Yeast
    Beans (most types)
    Spelt and Teff
    Green Peas
    Chickpeas

  10. Which fruits and vegetables have vitamin b12?

    Fruits and vegetables are not usually a good source of vitamin b12 but you can read about foods with vitamin b12.

About the author

Nwasom is a pharmacy graduate and a pharmacist currently practising in the United Kingdom. I have great experience communicating with patients and their family as gained through working as a pharmacist in both the hospital and community pharmacy sector. I love writing so it was a natural thing to try and pass medical and health information on through writing.