Chronic diseases

sickle cell

Sickle cell disease

What is sickle cell disease? Sickle cell disease is the presence of haemoglobin S and any other abnormal haemoglobin. The haemoglobin is a protein contained in your red cells. It ...
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Treatment of Epilepsy

The treatment of epilepsy is all-encompassing, classified as pharmacological or drug treatment and non-pharmacological. Non-pharmacological or non-drug treatment include cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT), psychotherapy, music therapy, art therapy, exercise, and dietary ...
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Diagnosis of epilepsy

To make a diagnosis of epilepsy, your doctor will have to ask a lot of questions (history taking), some preferably from an eye witness who can describe the event(s). This ...
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epilepsy in children

Epilepsy in children

Over 60 per cent of children with epilepsy will respond to antiepileptic drugs. Epilepsy phenotype is the primary determinant of anti-epileptic drug of choice in children. Epilepsy syndromes usually present ...
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focal and generalised seizures


Seizure is one of the main symptoms of epilepsy. stages of a seizure Types of seizures There are many different types of seizures which are described based on the pattern ...
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Recovery position

Recovery position

Recovery position ...
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epilepsy in women

Epilepsy in women. 4 important consideration

This section will address the special considerations in the treatment of epilepsy in women viz-a-viz menstrual cycle, contraceptives, pregnancy and lactation and menopause. Epilepsy in women and menstruation Catamenial epilepsy ...
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epilepsy action plan

Epilepsy Action Plan

Every patient with epilepsy should have an epilepsy action plan (seizure action plan) which is to be shared with friends, family, coworkers or teachers (for school children).it should also be ...
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Parts of an insulin pen


Insulin is a hormone made in your pancreas. The pancreas is a gland behind your stomach that helps with digestion. It helps your body use glucose for energy. When the ...
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how to use an inhaler

How to use an inhaler

This guide will show you step by step guide on how to use an inhaler. There are various types of inhalers in the market and this is not an exhaustive ...
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skin prick test

Diagnosis of Asthma

The diagnosis of asthma can be complex and may be delayed. This is because your asthma symptoms may be different from that of another person and may also be a ...
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What is PCOS

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common condition that affects how a woman’s ovaries work. It occurs in about 20% of women and is one of the main causes of ...
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blood sugar testing


What is Diabetes Diabetes is a serious and lifelong condition that causes your blood glucose level to become very high. Millions of Nigerians live with diabetes or know someone living ...
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Epilepsy (also called seizure disorder) is one of the most common neurological diseases in the world. It is not just a single condition; it is a group of conditions with ...
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Hyperosmolar Hyperglycaemic State (HHS)

People who have severely uncontrolled type 2 diabetes, usually over a relatively short period of time, can lead to a dangerous increase in blood sugar levels (often over 40mmol/l or ...
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diabetic ketoacidosis

Diabetic ketoacidosis

A persistent high blood glucose (sugar) levels can lead to a condition known as diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). This is a serious and life-threatening condition that happens when there is a ...
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hyperglycaemia and hypoglycaemia

Hyperglycaemia (Hypers)

This is when your blood glucose level is too high – usually above 7mmol/l before a meal and above 8.5mmol/l two hours after a meal. It is important to test ...
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Signs and symptoms of hypoglycaemia and hyperglycaemia 2

Hypoglycaemia (Hypos)

Hypoglycaemia or hypo is when your blood glucose (sugar) level is too low, usually below 4mmol/l. A hypo can happen suddenly so it’s important you know what the symptoms are ...
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Asthma action plan

My personal asthma action plan Download my personal action plan from here ...
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treatment of asthma

Treatment of Asthma

Treatment of Asthma: Pathways, relievers, preventers, steroids and LRTIs. There are three different pathways used in the treatment of asthma depending on the age. There is a pathway for adults ...
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Pollen asthma triggers

Asthma Triggers

What are asthma triggers? Asthma triggers are things that can bring on your asthma symptoms. Some people who have asthma have only one trigger while others have two or more ...
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asthma symptoms


Asthma is a chronic condition that affects your airways. Your airways are the small tubes that carry air in and out of the lungs. This causes breathing problems and makes ...
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complications of hypertension

Complications of Hypertension

It is important that you keep your blood pressure under control to avoid complications of hypertension. High blood pressure that remains uncontrolled over a long period of time can cause ...
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Complications of diabetes

Complications of Diabetes

It is important that you keep your blood sugar under control to avoid complications of diabetes. Complications of diabetes Eye problems and retinopathy -one of the complications of diabetes. Eye ...
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Hba1c chart used in diagnosing diabetes

HbA1c (glycosylated haemoglobin)

HbA1c (glycosylated haemoglobin) is your average blood glucose (sugar) levels for the last two to three months. It provides a good indication of glycaemic control over the previous 2-3 months ...
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medications used in the treatment of diabetes

Treatment of Diabetes -Antidiabetic medicines

The medicines discussed in this post are used in the treatment of diabetes. Alpha glucosidase inhibitor in treatment of Diabetes Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors delays the digestion of carbohydrates by blocking enzymes ...
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treatment of hypertension

Treatment of hypertension

Doctors consider several factors before starting the treatment of hypertension. These factors include how high your blood pressure is, other medical conditions you may already have, your age, your gender, ...
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Ideal blood pressure

Hypertension (High blood pressure)

Hypertension is another name for high blood pressure. The body needs oxygenated blood from the circulatory system to survive and function properly. When the heat beats, blood is pumped from ...
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